Guide The Kings-Isaiah and Kings-Jeremiah Recensions

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The Kings-Isaiah and Kings-Jeremiah Recensions. Beihefte zur Zeitschrift für die alttestamentliche Wissenschaft, no. Berlin/NewYork: de Gruyter,
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Swan, Charles. Journal of a voyage up the Mediterranean.

The Kings Isaiah and Kings Jeremiah Recensions

Swanson, Kristin; Shedinger, Robert. SBL Forum , Sweeney, Deborah. Deborah Sweeney. Sweeny, Marvin A.. A Form-Critical Rereading of Hosea. The Journal of Hebrew Scriptures , Sweezey, C. Swerdlow, N. Otto E. Neugebauer, May 26, — February 19, National Academy of Sciences Biographical Memoirs. Swete, Henry Barclay. Introduction to the Old Testament in Greek. Swinton, John. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society , Remarks in the Palmyrene Inscriptions at Teive.

Some Remarks upon the First Part of M. Swogger, John. Swogger, John-Gordon. Archaeological Illustration. Archaeological Illustration Sydney Cyprus Survey Project. Sykes, Percy. Symonds, John Addington. Sketches and Studies in Italy and Greece third series. Sketches and Studies in Italy and Greece three volumes. Synek, E. An old tradition relates that he was martyred at some time in the reign of Manasseh, possibly by being sawed in two inside a hollow log d.

Since he records the death of Sennacherib in Isa. Concerning the various viewpoints of the critics, Ryrie writes. Much dispute has arisen over the authorship of chaps. Still others see insertions and editing as late as the first century B. These suggestions attempt to eliminate the supernatural element necessary for predictive prophecy. Hence, the Babylonian captivity and the return under a Persian king specifically named Cyrus are not viewed as being predicted years in advance, but as happenings recorded after the events.

But even if one were to grant such a conclusion, it would not invalidate predictive prophecy.

Old Testament: 2 Kings

The name of King Josiah was predicted by a prophet three centuries before his time 1 Kings , and Bethlehem was named as the birthplace of Messiah seven centuries before the event Mic. In addition, there is predictive prophecy in chaps. Further, it is asserted that differences in language and style can only be accounted for by assuming different authors, a theory which, if applied to Milton, Goethe, or Shakespeare, would force us to conclude that many of their writings were spurious.

On the contrary, one can point out 40 or 50 sentences and phrases that appear in both sections of the book and that therefore argue for single authorship cf. To claim two or more authors for this book is also to contradict the evidence of the New Testament. Quotations from chaps. Moreover, in John , quotations from Isaiah and appear together, and both are ascribed to the Isaiah who saw the Lord in the Temple vision of chap. We must therefore conclude that the same author was responsible for the entire book and that no part of it was written at the time of the Babylonian captivity.

Isaiah had a very long ministry that ranged from around to His ministry began near the end of the reign of Uzziah B. From the standpoint of Gentile rulers of the time, Isaiah ministered from the time of Tiglath-pileser B. He outdated Hezekiah by a few years because chapter 37, verse 38, records the death of Sennacherib in B. Hezekiah was succeeded by his wicked son Manasseh who overthrew the worship of Yahweh and no doubt opposed the work of Isaiah. The title, Isaiah , is obviously taken from the name of the human author who, under the inspiration of the Holy Spirit, composed it.

In fact, more is said about the person and work of Messiah in His first and second advents than in any other Old Testament book. In some respects, Isaiah is a miniature Bible. It has sixty-six chapters while the Bible has sixty-six books. The first thirty-nine chapters of Isaiah correspond to the thirty-nine books of the Old Testament which largely anticipate the coming of Messiah.

The last twenty-seven chapters of Isaiah neatly parallel the twenty-seven chapters of the New Testament because they speak a great deal about Messiah and His Kingdom as the Servant of the Lord. The holy God will not permit unholiness in His covenant people, and will therefore deal with them in such a way as to chasten and purge them and make them fit to participate in His program of redemption. There will be no end to the increase of His government or of peace, On the throne of David and over his kingdom, To establish it and to uphold it with justice and righteousness From then on and forevermore.

The zeal of the LORD of hosts will accomplish this.

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But He was pierced through for our transgressions, He was crushed for our iniquities; The chastening for our well-being fell upon Him, And by His scourging we are healed. He was oppressed and He was afflicted, Yet He did not open His mouth; Like a lamb that is led to slaughter, And like a sheep that is silent before its shearers, So He did not open His mouth. Chapter 53 : With a book so full of rich truth and Messianic anticipation, deciding of a key chapter is not easy, but surely Isaiah 53 which points to Messiah as a suffering Savior who must die for our sin, is the most remarkable and key chapters of the Old Testament.

No book of the Old Testament presents a portrait of Christ that is as complete and comprehensive as does Isaiah. Isaiah portrays Messiah in His sovereignty above f , birth and humanity ; ; , in His ministry by the Spirit f , His divine nature ; ; His Davidic descent ; His work of redemption as our substitute 53 , His ministry as the Servant Savior 49ff , and much more.

As with Isaiah, this book clearly identifies the human author who is Jeremiah the son of Hilkiah from the priest city of Anathoth in the land of Benjamin Jeremiah dictated his prophecies to Baruch, his secretary.

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Only chapter 52 was not written by the prophet. Jeremiah was a contemporary of Zephaniah, Habakkuk, Daniel, and Ezekiel. His prophetic ministry began in B. His ministry was immediately preceded by that of Zephaniah. Since Ezekiel began his ministry in Babylon in he too was a late contemporary of this great prophet in Jerusalem. How and when Jeremiah died is unknown though Jewish tradition asserts that Jeremiah was put to death while living in Egypt cf.

Heb The book takes its name from it author, Jeremiah. The meaning of his name is uncertain. As hinted earlier, an aura of conflict surrounded Jeremiah almost from the beginning. He lashed out against the sins of his countrymen , scoring them severely for their idolatry , 20; ; ; , 8, , 25 —which sometimes even involved sacrificing their children to foreign gods But Jeremiah loved the people of Judah in spite of their sins, and he prayed for them , 20 even when the Lord told him not to ; ; There are more references to Babylon in Jeremiah than in all the rest of the Bible together.

Enter the Bible - Books: 2 Kings

Behold, I do not know how to speak, Because I am a youth. In keeping with the suffering Jeremiah experienced, chapter 1 is surely a key chapter in that it records the call of the prophet.

Then chapter 23 is key in that it gives the prophecy of the Messiah, the righteous branch who is seen in contrast to the wicked shepherds and lying prophets described in this same chapter. Twenty-four is another important chapter because it prophecies the Babylonian captivity which will last for seventy years.


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The key person throughout is of course Jeremiah, his preaching, resistance, and persecution. Many pictures of Christ are seen in Jeremiah: He is portrayed as the fountain of living waters ; cf. He is seen as the one who will bring in the New Covenant The curse on Jehoiachin Jeconiah, Coniah meant that no physical descendant would succeed him to the throne Matthew traces the genealogy of Christ through Solomon and Jeconiah to His legal but not His physical father Joseph.

The Righteous Branch will indeed reign on the throne of David. The author of Lamentations is unnamed in the book, but two lines of evidence favor Jeremiah as the author. External Evidence: The consensus of Jewish tradition attribute the book to Jeremiah. The superscription to Lamentations in the Septuagint points to Jeremiah as the one weeping over the captivity and the desolation of Jerusalem. Further, there are a number of similarities between the books of Jeremiah and Lamentations e.

In addition, Jeremiah is connected with this type of literature in 2 Chronicles The graphic immediacy of Lamentations argues for a date shortly after this like or B.

The primary theme of the book is a lament or mourning over the woes that had fallen on sinful Judah and the pitiable destruction of the holy city and the temple. A second theme flows out of this of judgment for sin.